Dangers of Overloading Vehicles
If your vehicle is overloaded, it not only causes damage to the roads and to your vehicle but it also puts you and other road users at risk. Vehicles react differently when the maximum weights which they are designed to carry are exceeded and the consequences can be fatal. Overloading puts a massive strain on the suspension and tyres and makes the vehicle less stable, difficult to steer and take longer to stop. It is also illegal. Random checks are being performed throughout the UK by VOSA and the Police to enforce overloading regulations.
Who is responsible for my vehicle load?
Ensuring the vehicle is not overloaded is the moral and legal responsibility of you and your employer. In addition to this, if anyone else causes or permits an overloaded vehicle they may also be charged with committing an offence. All companies have a ‘duty of care’ under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1999 for the safety of employees at work. This means that an employer must do all it can to ensure the safety of its driver, including having policies in place to ensure that their vehicles are not overloaded. The Road Traffic Act 1988 requires “vehicle users” to ensure that vehicles are not overloaded. If a vehicle is found to be overloaded both the driver and operator could be prosecuted or cautioned. The legislation imposes fines of up to £5,000 for each offence. That’s each overloaded axle plus any overloading on the total weight. Also, if a vehicle is dangerously overloaded the driver could face a charge of Dangerous Driving which carries a maximum penalty of two years in prison. Other offences within the Road Traffic Act include refusal to allow the vehicle to be weighed and obstruction of an officer which also carry a maximum fine of £5,000. If a vehicle is overloaded and results in someone being killed, both you and your employer could face going to jail for Manslaughter or Death by Dangerous Driving.
What will happen if my vehicle is found to be overloaded?
If your vehicle is found to be overloaded by an enforcement officer it can result in a prohibition notice which will prevent you from continuing your journey until the weight is corrected. This may mean the goods being unloaded to bring the weight down or being redistributed (in axle overload cases). You will then be issued with a ‘removal of prohibition notice’ to continue your journey. You may alternatively be issued with a ‘direction to drive notice’ which allows you to drive to a specified place to off-load.